Milestones Years 3 – 14

5 – 6 Years

  • Uses a sentence length of 4 – 6 words.
  • Uses detailed sentences.
  • Accurately retells a story.
  • Uses verb tense appropriately.
  • Identifies common opposites.
  • Understands the difference between the “same” & “different”.
  • Understands “yesterday”, “today” & “tomorrow”.
  • Understands cause-effect relationships.
  • Is able to follow instructions given to a group.
  • Asks many questions to gain information.
  • Names 6 basic colours and 3 basic shapes.
  • Counts to 13.
  • Follows 3 part commands.
  • Is able to discuss feelings.
  • Is able to recognize whole-part relationships.
  • Understands the correlation of alphabet symbols and their sounds.
  • Is able to correctly produce the following: p, m, h, n, w, b, k, g, d, t, f, j, l, s, sh, v & z.
  • Does not Stutter.

6 – 7 Years

  • Uses a sentence length of 6 words.
  • Uses well formed sentences of a complex syntactical nature.
  • Is able to tell a story about a picture and is able to see the relationships between objects and events.
  • Uses most morphological markers correctly (e.g. dog – dogs).
  • Names letters and numbers.
  • Has a longer attention span.
  • Is not easily distracted when given further information for problem solving.
  • Is able to remember and repeat 3 digits.
  • Is able to define words by function.
  • Does not stutter.

7 – 8 Years

  • Is able to interpret opposite analogies easily (e.g. girl-boy, fly-swim).
  • Is able to understand terms such as: “beginning” or “end” etc.
  • Is able to complete simple reading and writing tasks.
  • All appropriate letters are represented in spelling.
  • Is able to sequence events appropriately.
  • Does not stutter.

8 – 9 Years

  • Knows left and right on themselves and others.
  • Knows differences and similarities.
  • Is able to read spontaneously.
  • Is able to verbalize ideas and/or problems.
  • Is able to communicate thoughts accurately.
  • Does not have difficulty with comparative relationships.
  • Has mastered the ‘th’ sound (e.g. thing).
  • Has few difficulties with reading and writing.
  • Is able to tell a detailed, cohesive story, with various descriptions of events, objects and characters.
  • Is able to learn irregular spelling patterns
  • Does not stutter.

10 – 11 Years

  • Is able to plan future actions.
  • Requires minimal input when solving problems.
  • Spends a lot of time talking.
  • Has a good understanding of language.
  • Does not stutter.

12 – 13 Years

  • Understand concepts outside of his/her immediate environment.
  • Is able to construct adult-like definitions.
  • Does not stutter.